Interallied Confederation of Reserve Officers
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Tomorrow's Strategy for the Reserve

“NATO in an Unbalanced World” was the theme of the 21st Interallied Confederation of Reserve Officers (CIOR) Seminar held in Wesseling, Germany Jan. 31 – Feb. 3 at the Konrad Adenauer Foundation.  A host of international speakers presented their outlooks and related interests on subjects common to 52 attendees from 23 countries.

Visit the CIOR Seminar 2010 page to find reports and presentations from the seminar.

Panel Discussion: How NATO Can Best Face the Challenges of Afghanistan

Maj.Gen. Mark F. Ramsey, USAF, Deputy Commander, Operations Supreme Allied Commander Europe, presented, “NATO Operations in Afghanistan: The view from SHAPE. Survey of NATO Missions including Mobilization and Deployment of NATO Reserve Forces.” He spoke about the recent developments in training the Afghan police and the current operations being planned with the Afghan Army.  He announced that by mid-February the Afghan Army and NATO forces numbering 10,000 troops will take charge of Afghanistan with “Operation Clear and Hold.”  During this campaign the priority will be on securing the boarders with a focus on clearing the poppy crops as a resource for the Taliban. 

As training the Afghan troops and police is very important the general also set the stage that the United States troops will not be pulling out of Afghanistan anytime soon. He explained how there is an United States presence in areas such as Korea, Germany etc. with the exception of Vietnam and how these are all past war campaign areas.

Since the United States is committed in helping the Afghan people they will assist in institutionalizing the training of the Afghan Army and continue collecting bio-metrics of the Afghan forces to ensure if a citizen goes rogue the bio-metrics will discover them.

Operation “ALCYON”  

Vice Admiral Gerard Valin, Former French Joint Commander in Indian Ocean, spoke on “Fight against Piracy in Indian Ocean: An Illustration of the New Paradigm of Defense and Security.”    Partnerships and economical development in the Indian Ocean is the strategy. Admiral Valin explained that sharing knowledge, prevention, deterrence and protection (security) under a permanent posture with reactivity and intervention can provide a strategy towards prevention of piracy in the Indian Ocean.

Pirates with guns, boat formations and typical pirate supplies were shown explaining that the pirates are predictable but very organized with their movements.  “GPS, guns, ladders are the tools that they use” said Admiral Valin.  “They also use skiffs off of other ships so that they can be several hundred miles off of shore.  Typically, fishermen are within the 200 mile range from land and the transit ships are beyond the 700 mile range from land.  This means anyone we see traveling within the 200 mile and 700 mile zone is suspect to be a pirate and we watch them.  There is approximately 15 minutes between detection of the attack and hijacking (hostages).”

The Admiral explained that the only way to arrest a pirate was by catching them in the act of piracy.  “After we capture them in the act we have to recognize International Law and also the National Law of the ship’s origin.  We are under strict rules that we cannot use lethal weapons on them even when we know they are pirates.”

Convicting pirates is extremely difficult as there has to be an agreement with the French military protecting the ship and with the ship owner.  There also has to be a political agreement between both nations to escort and protect the ship.  Meanwhile, there can be complications with agreements with the cargo provider (another country) and with the crew (another country).  Rules of engagement are established between all of these factors to protect the ship, crew and its cargo.

Speakers provide diverse perspectives

Maj.Gen. (ret.) Ashok Hukku, Former Chief, Military Intelligence, Advisor in Indian Sect.

New Deli Pakistan speaking upon, “NATO Operations in Afghanistan: An Asian view.  Afghanistan and Pakistan, the Taliban and al Qaeda. Challenge to NATO” and participated in the “Panel Discussion: How NATO Can Best Face the Challenges of Afghanistan”

Mr. Jonathan Parish, Policy Planning and Speech Writing, spoke on “An Analysis of the Impact of the 2009 NATO Summit”, he explained there is a lot to look forward towards with the new NATO Strategy and explained that, “partnerships in NATO are very valuable and without them one would not succeed.”

LTC Peter Wittenbruch, German Army, Action Officer, Executive Office, European Union (EU) Military Staff, Brussels, spoke on “Europe’s Common Security and Defense Policy (CSDP) and the Alliance”, and explained that the European Union (EU) security strategy includes a focus on Terrorism, Proliferation of weapons, regional conflicts and organized crime.


He also explained that the EU will be cooperating with NATO and in doing so they will have access to NATO planning capabilities, presumption of availability to the EU of pre-identified NATO capabilities and common assets.  Know that rules and principles, apply, that there is a balance between competition and co-operation and admit what the EU has to offer.

Mr. Bernard Hourcade, Senior Fellow at the National Center for Scientific research (CNRS), Iranian Studies, “The Implications of Iran’s Elections and Government Crisis and its Impact on NATO”

Mr. Daniele Riggio, Regional Information Officer for Afghanistan and Central Asia, Public Diplomacy Division, NATO HQ, Brussels.  “Panel Discussion: How NATO Can Best Face the Challenges of Afghanistan”

Mr. Harri Tiido, Non-resident Estonia ambassador to Afghanistan and Estonia Special Envoy to Afghanistan and Pakistan “Panel Discussion: How NATO Can Best Face the Challenges of Afghanistan”

Dr. Klaus Olshausen, LTG, German Army (ret.), Former German Military Representative to the NATO Military Committee, Moderator for the “Panel Discussion: How NATO Can Best Face the Challenges of Afghanistan”

Ambassador Onur Oymen, MP, Turkish Assembly, Former NATO Permanent representative of Turkey, Ankara, “NATO and Turkish Engagement Efforts with Pakistan”

Mr. Michel Duray, Head, NATO Outreach Countries Section, NATO Public Diplomacy Division, NATO, HQ, Brussels, “NATO and the Euro-Atlantic integration Processes of Key Partners: Ukraine, Georgia, B.i.H., Montenegro, FYROM and Serbia”

Mr. Emmanuel Dupuy, Cabinet of the Secretary of State for Reserve and Veteran Affairs, Paris, Panel on “Mediterranean Dialogue: Middle-East Conflict, Water, resources – EU Union for Mediterranean”

Dr. Pierre Berthelot, Professor at the Universities of Bordeaux and Paris, Panel on “Mediterranean Dialogue: Middle-East Conflict, Water, resources – EU Union for Mediterranean”

Dr. Hall Gardner, Professor, Department of International and Comparative Politics, American University of Paris

Dr. Stephan Eisel, Former member of the German Bundestag (Federal Parliament), Member of Parliamentary Committee on European Union Affairs

Major General (ret.) Peter J. von Geyso, President of the Bonn Forum of the German Atlantic Association

Ms. Isabelle Facon, Research Fellow at the French Foundation for Strategic Research, Specialist on Russia

Lt Col Jacques Deveze, Member of CIOR Seminar Committee

© 2012 Interallied Confederation of Reserve Officers