Interallied Confederation of Reserve Officers
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Education for peace

Education for peace - the path to a common Euro-Atlantic security environment - Reserve officers’ role in building and maintaining global peace

"Peace is based on identifying the underlying conflict, searching for solutions rather than engaging, taking on, the other side in a violent search for victory. Solution -orientation rather than victory-orientation”, Johan Galtung.

The important component of CIOR meant to contribute to understanding and increasing of the role of the reserve military forces in maintaining the Alliance security, the CIOR Partnership for Peace Seminar & Outreach Committee, held in Bucharest between 9 to 13rd November, brought in the fore debates a new concept – peace education in new synergetic and holistic approach.

Reporting details to the actual security context coordinates has been determined by the need to manage the peace, as state of balance in general, through scientific tools by factors of the competency organizing to bring to a common understanding and action the different projections of conduct for peace and non-peace of the institutions using the reserve military experience as added value.
The Seminar, organized by CIOR PfP/O Committee and the national ROA (UORR) with the support of the Ministry of National Defense was held in the National Defense University “Carol I”, and brought together the leaders of Reserve Officers Associations states from USA, France, Netherland, Switzerland, Italy, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, Albania and Romania, representatives of the military academic environment, business and legal environment and medical officers.

The debates were remarked by the active involvement of the participants that presented military reserve organization models and also supported the importance of a scientific approach of education for peace in the Partnership for Peace of CIOR, as a culture part for peace. Among the personalities present at the workshop was the chairman of the National Security and Public Order Defense Committee at the Senate, general Corneliu Dobritoiu, who presented in his speech the importance of the reserve military force and the upward trends in the context of the ascendant evolution of the international security environment, coupled with the global economic crisis. From this point of view was emphasized the need to create some rigorous mechanism of implementation, needed for ongoing joint programs at the different alliance’s levels, such as “smart defense” or “pooling and sharing”. These initiatives are usually very difficult to put into practice because of a general distrust generated by historical differences between nations, especially in the region.

The PfP Seminar participants were honored to welcome, as keynote speaker, the well known Norwegian professor, mathematician, sociologist and political scientist, Johan Galtung, awarded with Nobel Prize for Alternative Peace, founder of the peace studies discipline at the Oslo International Research Institute (1959), the first center for academic research in the world focused on peace studies, and also of the Peace Research Journal (1964).

Known as a peace studies teacher at the university around the world, including Columbia (New York), Oslo, Berlin, Belgrade, Paris, Santiago de Chile, Buenos Aires, Cairo, Sichuan, Ritsumeikan (Japan), Princeton, Hawaï , Tromsoe, Bern, Alicante (Spain) and dozens of others on all continents, Johan Galtung, is recognized for his dedication to teach and motivate thousands of people to promote peace. Since 1957, he managed over 100 conflicts between states, nations, religions, cultures, communities and people.
In Bucharest, Johan Galtung paid a visit to the Senate where he met general Corneliu Dobritoiu. During the meeting, Johan Galtung, brought to the audience’s attention the proposal to open, in Bucharest, a branch of Galtung Institute and analyzed the possibility of supporting this project for reserve officers training in the field of peace education in order to acquire and use the status of “expert in education for peace”  and “ peace negotiator”. The same topic was dealt with at the meeting with a Romanian academician, Mircea Malita, member of the Romanian Academy where the possibility to implement such a project was also discussed.

The workshop works were resumed after a visit to the Mountain Battalion, which took place in the mountain resort of Predeal. There, the participants watched a military exercise carried out with a high level of professionalism in the mountain range of Rasnova Keys. Known for their successful participations in the international missions, in the theater of operations, the battalion personnel together with their commanders shared their experience with the audience.

The Partnership for Peace workshop that took place in October 2013 in Bucharest, was highlighted by the quality and dimension of the proposed objectives and settings of a scientific approach to peace, as an equilibrium status, which will lead to a stronger cohesion of peace education structures and the coherence of their activities along with the involvement of the reserve officers as “experts and negotiators for peace”

“Like the military, mediators think in terms of the intentions, capabilities and circumstances for all parties, adding to violent behavior and attitudes of hatred the incompatibilities between their values and interests; goals in short.  Our experience: there is no party without some legitimate value or interest; even if it collides with somebody else's, our own for instance.  Build on it, creatively.” (Johan Galtung)

© 2012 Interallied Confederation of Reserve Officers