Sudden Knock-Out or Eventual Points Loss – How Our Security State Will Lose The Fight

Sudden Knock-Out or Eventual Points Loss - How Our Security State Will Lose The Fight

2017 CIOR SEMINAR – AFTER-ACTION-REPORT

MAY 2017

The 2017 CIOR Seminar, assembling Reserve Officers from some 15 countries, most of them NATO members, took its participants from an opening shock statement through an intellectual exercise to a conceptual training and released them on the last day with the well-deserved satisfaction of having done something useful for the security and future well-being not only of the seminar participants but of the societies represented by Reserve Officers.

“Sudden knock-out or eventual points loss – How our security state will lose the fight” is the shock statement with which the Seminar’s theme was introduced.

Two opening presentations brought back memories, when we, in our respective armed forces, had to find our ways through the challenges of military or disaster relief exercises.

JOEL WINTON confronted us with the reality that successful responses to crises depend more and more on the capacity to bring together stakeholders, who were inexistent in the minds of leaders, particularly military leaders, one generation ago. Those who were inexistent in the minds of leaders, were absent from the hierarchies in charge of responding to crises. But they were never absent from the battlefield or the disaster area. They were simply not asked to contribute to solutions with shared responsibility. The ultimate goal in disaster relief must be that all bodies work together. This was exemplary highlighted by footage of a flock of birds flying like a controlled body. (Cf. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QOGCSBh3kmM&app=desktop)

FRED TURNER, then, added to the opening topic the dimension which definitely symbolises and represents modern times, current reality for today’s young generation: the Cyber Space, driven by information technology, invisible on the conventional battlefield, but of decisive relevance for victory or defeat in conflict or disaster. However, there are distinctive current operations and strategic issues for operations in cyber space. Nations are unclear of red lines. National decision makers are reluctant to grant authorities due to their uncertainty about the effects of offensive capabilities and their own national cyber vulnerabilities. Adding to the complexity of cyber space operations, domestic laws create a tangle of interested and responsible parties, and international law is far from settled. All these considerations not only make national cyber operations more complex, but they also add significant friction to cooperation among partners and allies. Yet, due to the global nature of cyber space, cooperation among national organizations and between allies is crucial.

Day Two of the Seminar, provided by the Konrad Adenauer Stiftung (KAS), and its team of speakers and moderator, focussed on the inter-dependence of Development and Security, the challenges to force-projection for the security of NATO-Members and their partners and the effects of on-going climate change on societies causing man-made conflicts and natural disasters and triggering, thus, mass migrations. We have already summarised the presentations and discussions and the seminar’s acknowledgment that governance is at the heart of most of the problems with this regard. Endeavours for good governance and accountability of authorities are the key for the improvement of the state of the world and of mankind. The thoughtful exchange on NATO on Day Two, finally, should serve as a warning that the balance in defence and security matters has already started to shift. The phase, in Europe, of collecting a peace dividend after the demise of the Soviet Union has ended. All political and strategic signs indicate the need to reverse the trend of the last twenty years and to think of how to focus again on strengthening collective defence in Europe.

The two topics which had opened the seminar became, on Day Three, the subjects which speakers and participants elaborated on in workshops. Two more topics were introduced,

a) a case study of a successful turn-around in the corporate world, the case of DHL Express, by JÖRG ANDRIOF,
b) a case study of a failed response to a terrorist attack on civil society, the Norwegian Utöya tragedy, whose perpetrator I do not name, by HANS BRUN.

Two CONCEPTUAL STUDIES and two CASE STUDIES were the object for interactive workshops in the hands of groups and speakers. These are assertions submitted by groups to the plenary.

CONCEPT STUDIES:
In a concept of a successful Emergent Response it is of critical importance to assemble early on all possible stakeholders, symbolically speaking, “welcoming them in one room by a handshake” and, thus, establishing a relationship between actors who have possibly never worked together and were certainly never hierarchically integrated. Relationship is the first basis on which mutual trust has to be built and can be built. Trust only allows to agree on a common purpose for the framework of common action. Trust only is the guarantee for a successful decentralised execution. And decentralised execution is a fundamental requirement, because it is the most efficient and most effective concept for tackling threats to society of an existential nature. Resorting to decentralised execution is a paradigmatic shift from exclusive hierarchy to inclusive thinking and cooperation. It opens the mind to the acknowledgment that one should never underestimate the power of the local people. Reaching out to them would constitute the primary goal in emergent response.

The group in charge of Cyber Risk focused on a) the role of Reservists in building up and bringing to bear Cyber capabilities and b) the new dimension given to Article 5 by Cyber capabilities. Since it is still too early to recognise where the systematic build-up of Cyber capabilities by Defense Ministries and Armed Forces of NATO Members stands, the workshop studied broadly the interest of involving Reservists in this completely new field of military capacity-building. There are benefits, as there are difficulties and impediments, but the provisional assessment indicates that Reservists and in particular Reserve Officers should play a role.

The technological evolution makes also visible how far legal frameworks and legal language can be challenged by new phenomena. While Article 5 and at its core the notion of “attack” seemed to have been, over decades of NATO’s existence, non-controversial, the appearance of a new technology with its specialists and their own minds and language, is creating a formidable potential of confusion and misunderstanding. Information technologists consider themselves as being permanently under Cyber attack. Does this call for Article-5 action? And regardless of “yes” or “no”: what sort of counter-attack would be permissible, what would be beyond levels of competition for intelligence gathering and for strategic influence on others? These questions open completely new aspects of conceptual debates from which we cannot conceive Reserve Officers to abstain in the long run. We believe the participants have identified a field of responsibility for Reserve Officers which goes far beyond technology and deep into political and strategic debates.

CASE STUDIES:
The first one, the DHL Express story, came as an instructive and heart-warming encouragement to take the DHL example of a successful turn-around and a most promising further development of profitable and successful business as inspiration. Warfare is never profitable, but Defense has to be successful in order to fulfil the people’s expectations and legitimate demands. DHL is a most welcome encouragement.

The other case study, on Utöya, sadly was of a different nature. It is a warning how easily professional services in charge of security and protection of the people can fail. Of everything that failed, nothing was allowed to fail. Here again, practical conclusions and advice, such as “train the use of equipment, train the deployment of protection forces, train the leadership of those in charge and in command” can remain without consequences, when authorities and the people at large prove to be unable to act accordingly. Perhaps, this is one more field where the Reserve Officer has a role to play in society. Their legitimacy lies in their profile of “a military with a civilian identity and commitment”, or: “a civilian with a military identity and commitment”.

This takes us back to the initial remark about the shock statement “Sudden knock-out – How our security state will lose the fight”. On purpose, the second part of the Seminar’s theme has been omitted. We would like to recall it here and give it an interpretation:
How we lose the fight … “UNLESS WE INCREASE REDUNDANCY AND IMPROVE SURGE MANAGEMENT!”

CIOR SEMINAR COMMITTEE
LtCol Hans Garrels, NLD – Chairman
Capt (Navy) Deborah Nelson, USA
Capt Tobias Bosshart, CHE
Capt Michael Seibold, DEU
Capt Sascha Soyk, DEU

Australia invited into CIOR

Australia invited into CIOR

Australia invited into CIOR
2017 Summer Congress in Prague produced a landmark invitation for CIOR in its Partnership for Peace and Outreach dimension. The PfP&O Committee presented the official invitation to the CIOR President for signature, inviting Australia to officially join CIOR. Australia previously participated in Observer status, represented by it’s the reserve association and fully endorsed by its MoD. This result has been obtained after numerous exchanges between CIOR PfP&O committee and the Australian association. If the invitation is positively accepted by the Australian association, we look forward to welcoming our newest CIOR member in 2018.

PfP&O committee way forward after 2017 Summer Congress
Welcoming five new members during the Prague Summer Congress, the PfP & Outreach committee comprises now 10 members dedicated to the vision and mission of the CIOR and the PfP and outreach initiatives directed. With five engagement priority categories established in Prague, the committee developed a new country checklist to focus on continuity of historical engagement action, NATO involvement and CIOR participation for each nation. Besides sending the final invitation for membership to Australia to the CIOR Presidency for signature, we benefited from presentations on the country study of Georgia, as well as discussion about all of our prioritized countries from guest visitors to the committee and a visit/discussion from the Norwegian, Slovenian, Austrian and French VPs. The committee also welcomed a presentation by SPIA president and a EUROMIL summary by PfP&O committee member. Both presentations on the two military associations listed above allowed the committee to assess recommendations to the Council for possible future collaboration and cooperation. The committee also updated its web site verbiage to reflect its new vision and direction (not done since 2010). All committee members accepted assignments on country studies and follow-up engagement tasks regarding the Outreach dimension to present/prepare for action at the next 2018 Mid-Winter Meeting.

7th annual CIMEX – The Migration Crisis

7th annual CIMEX - The Migration Crisis

Reservists, being twice the citizen, with one foot in the civilian world and the other in the military, are ideally suited to carry out the Civil Military Cooperation (CIMIC) role for NATO. The upcoming CIMIC Exercise (CIMEX) during our 2017 Prague Summer Congress, offers a unique opportunity for member nation Reservists to hone their skills.

The Confédération Interalliée des Officiers de Réserve (CIOR)’s Civil-Military Cooperation (CIMIC) Committee remains committed to promoting best practices within the international CIMIC community. CIMEX participants will hear from some of today’s premier speakers addressing NATO-recognized challenges. With over 15 nations participating in this table-top exercise, the CIMEX offers nations a high-impact professional development opportunity for mid-level of cers and enlisted members that encompasses ‘twice- the-citizen’ CIMIC expertise and experience. Registration is limited to the first 50 CIMIC specialists, so please do not delay!

For additional information, please contact:

CIOR CIMIC COMMITTEE Col Vanessa Dornhoefer

+01-856-297-9240

cior.cimic.committee@gmail.com

Invitation to the Norwegian military skills competition 2017

Invitation to the Norwegian military skills competition 2017

From our Northernmost CIOR Delegation: Norske Reserveoffiserers Forbund (Norwegian Reserve Officers’ Association)

Invitation to the Norwegian military skills competition 2017

The Norwegian Reserve Officers’ Association organizes every year a challenging field competition, aimed at testing field skills and motivate for further training. The competition is a long patrol mission in daylight and darkness. The competition has tasks such as knowledge of the Defence organization and missions, defense knowledge (including NATO), First Aid/Combat Casualty Care, communications, shooting, obstacle courses, crisis management, leadership and general soldier skills.

The teams must be self sufficient during the competition. The competition starts Friday evening, when orders are given to the team leaders, and ends Saturday evening. The competitors consist of teams from the Norwegian Armed Forces, Norwegian reserves and foreign teams.

Saturday evening, after the competition, there will be a social event and barbecue evening. Award ceremony will be on Sunday morning.

This year’s competition will be held the weekend of 15th -17th of September. The location will be at just north of Trondheim, at Værnes Garrison.

Værnes Garrison is located just next to Trondheim Airport Værnes. Quarters will also be here. Transportation to / from Trondheim Airport Værnes can be arranged.

The Norwegian Reserve Officers’ Association would like to challenge YOUR nation to send one or more teams to this fascinating competition. The competition focuses on known training elements of basic military skills. Each team must consist of four people and the team leader must be an officer or sergeant.

You may prepare yourselves by looking at NROFs military skills competition rules (click at the link). The competition language will be English when non-Scandinavian teams are participating.

The NROF would be honored to host teams from your nation, and I encourage you to contact us on e-mail post@nrof.no or
call +47 22 47 82 40 for further information. There is an entry fee of € 125 per team.

Please send entries with the names and rank of all team members
to post@nrof.no. Please also send us the e-mail address and mobile phone number to the teamleader.

Sincerely
Jørgen Berggrav Rear Admiral (rtd) Secretary General
Postal address: PB 1550 Sentrum NO-0015 Oslo
E-mail: post@nrof.no

STRATEGY CIOR 3.0 – 2020 AND BEYOND

STRATEGY CIOR 3.0 - 2020 AND BEYOND

Internationally, the value of the role of reservists is becoming more recognised and the reliance on the use of reservists is increasing. With increasing and rapid technological and social developments it is important that CIOR reviews it operating framework to ensure that it remains an organisation that remains fit for purpose and maintains its credibility. It was for this reason that the President established a Strategic group to carry out a CIOR self-assessment which would inform a strategical study for a renewed CIOR 3.0. The resulting strategic document directs the developments of CIOR towards the future, most importantly by outlining an image of 2020 and beyond.

CIOR is a NATO-affiliated, non-political and non-profit umbrella organisation of member nations’ national reserve officer associations. The relationship between CIOR and NATO is fully defined in NATO Military Committee (MC) 248/1. CIOR has traditionally had two key roles: (1) To provide advice on Reserve issues and support to the NATO Alliance and (2) To foster the professional development of reserve officers.

Over the last few years these roles have come under some pressure in terms of how they are reviewed and valued by NATO and individual Ministries of Defence (MoDs). Despite this it is recognized that in 2016 CIOR has the potential to be recognised as a valuable resource in terms of its access to the Reservist community and how Reservists work at an operational level. However, if CIOR is to continue to be effective, it needs to recognise when and how change is needed, and more importantly be prepared to initiate appropriate change. The world is changing and that means that the (relevant) environment of CIOR has to change. Equally, CIOR needs to acknowledge the rapid pace of change in the society it works within and respond accordingly.

In order to get CIOR ready for the coming years it is essential to consider the factors that are likely to have the most influence on how it should work. The CIOR 3.0 strategy paper considers these as social environmental factors and technical factors. Using this information, the paper considers what would be the key changes that may be required to create a CIOR that is future-proof, healthy, and contemporary. The paper presents this as a number of possible scenarios for consideration by the Council which could be built on to inform the way forward and be agreed as the Strategic plan.

Based on the assessment of these scenario it can be indicated that scenario “(Virtual) Centre of Excellence on reservist in support MoD’s and NATO” is the best scenario for CIOR 3.0. This scenario describes the desirable situation of CIOR in 2020 and beyond. As CIOR is the networking specialist in relation to expertise of, with and by reservists throughout the world, it is capable of quickly and attractively connecting civil and military expertise/competencies and to make these constructively available to its members and business partners. From this specialism CIOR has gained the status of a Virtual Centre of Excellence and optimally uses the technological developments in execution, management, and the maintenance of expertise.

However, considering the expected large changes that this scenario brings along it is essential to also have a backup scenario. Scenario “Social/Veteran network” is an excellent scenario that CIOR can fall back on if the implementation of “(Virtual) Centre of Excellence on reservist in support MoD’s and NATO” does not work out as expected. In order to prevent starting all over when the scenario is deemed unimplementable, we already incorporate some elements of “Social/Veteran network” in the development of scenario.

As a consequence, CIOR defined its concept Mission 2020 and concept Vision 2020 as follows:

Mission 2020
CIOR is the international centre of excellence in the field of military reservist matters with the aim to collect, manage and provide strategical and operational knowledge for its members in order to support consultation and development in the military and/or civil domain within the NATO and its members.

Vision 2020
CIOR achieves this by actively involving its members and to develop, establish and mantain a (virtual) centre of excellence through the combination of technical developments and the use of the social network. In this, CIOR will be an attractive business partner for likeminded organisations and will proactively collaborate with them in a network construction.

In order to successfully implement the previously presented CIOR 3.0 strategy it is essential to use a step by step method within which the Council (VP’s) led by the Presidency supports, sets frameworks, but is also personally involved. CIOR 3.0 plan is not a rigid multiyear plan, but a communal flexible route book of and by its members. The created strategical documents became part of the strategical guidelines for the following years unless otherwise decided by the Council.

CIOR In-Between Meeting in Prague, Czech Republic

CIOR In-Between Meeting in Prague, Czech Republic

After welcoming the delegates from national reserve (officer) associations as well as committee representatives, CIOR President LtCOL. Libezny pointed out that this IBM will serve as a starting point for planning CIOR’s activities to take place during the following two years. As a next step, CIOR Secretary General 1Lt. Hajecek outlined the main objectives for the time of the Czech Presidency as well as milestones to be achieved. He asked all country and committee representatives to work towards these objectives.

Following this introduction, representatives from NFRC, CIOMR and CISOR briefed the IBM participants on their agenda. According to these briefings, one common goal is to increase cooperation and joint planning of events with CIOR. Further, it was proposed to extend the offer of training and education opportunities, ideally recognized by NATO.
In the afternoon, CIOR committees started discussions in separate working groups while the CIOR Council concluded on the output from the 2016 Summer Congress in Madrid, Spain. Further, the activities of the Presidency after the Summer Congress 2017 were reported. After that, the Council discussed the upcoming Winter Meeting 2017 as well as the Summer Congress 2017 and 2018 in order to initiate the planning process.

The first day of IBM was concluded by the PfP&Outreach and MILCOMP Committees reporting on recent activities and events as well as providing an outlook on activities planned for 2016-2018.

CIOR Council and representatives in discussions during the CIOR In-Between Meeting

The morning session of day 2 was dominated by the presentations of the CLA, Symposium workgroup, DEFSEC and Legal Committee chairmen. The presentations outlined the status of ongoing projects and recent events. Further, the chairmen shared the vision of their committees and workgroups for the next two years as well as made participants aware of envisaged changes and key events/ milestones. The participants got the opportunity to actively take part discussing the laid out roadmap.

The afternoon session gave chairmen of the Seminar, CIMIC and Public Affairs committees the opportunity to present the current work of the committees and provide a perspective on the envisaged future development. Also in this Session, participants actively engaged in discussions around these plans.

Today’s session gave the participants the opportunity to become aware of common areas of action, mutual critical success factors as well as potential synergies. The meeting thus created an important corner stone for the next two years to come.
The day was concluded by a dinner with special guests Major General Jaromir Zuna, Director of the Division of Support of the Czech Army and Hynek Novak, Director of the Cabinet of the Czech Minister of Defence, in order to gain forces for the last day of the IBM on Saturday.

Presentation of the CIOR Seminar 2017 by LtCOL. Hans Garrels

The CIOR In-Between Meeting ended with a final review of the discussed topics and mutual agreement of the actions to be taken by all participants.

The conference hall is empty after two long days of discussion. A big thank you goes to the Czech Presidency for hosting this meeting in Prague as well as to all officers participating!

Conference hall after CIOR In-Between Meeting

Hybrid threats: The Reservist Solution: A Cyber Reserve Providing NATO With Real-World Expertise

Hybrid threats: The Reservist Solution: A Cyber Reserve Providing NATO With Real-World Expertise

The Interallied Confederation of Reserve Officers (CIOR) Partnership for Peace and Outreach (PfP & O) Committee and the Unione Nazionale Ufficiali in Congedo d’Italia (UNUCI), recently conducted a successful Seminar on Hybrid Threats. Thirty officers and distinguished speakers from ten NATO nations attended this important event, which focused on adapting defence capabilities utilizing Reserve forces in Hybrid Warfare. The participants included the former Chief of the US Army Reserves, Major General Roger Sandler, USA (Ret), and immediate past CIOR President Lieutenant Colonel Dimitar Popov, of Bulgaria. The National President of UNUCI, Lieutenant General Rocco Panunzi, after welcoming the participants, attended with interest many sessions. Also, the Mayor of Chianciano Terme, Mr. Andrea Marchetti, welcomed the participants and graciously invited them to enjoy their stay in the City, especially the spas for which Chianciano Terme is named.
The Under Secretary of State of the Italian Ministry of Justice, Dr. Cosimo Maria Ferri, took part in the Seminar and during his presentation drew insightful parallels between the cyber threat to the West and the Italian struggles against the Mafia especially in the field of “money laundering. Dr. Fulvio Mancuso, the Deputy Mayor of Siena, explained the specific interest public authorities have regarding cyber threats and security. The Chairman of the PfP & O Committee, Major (R) André Roosen, pointed out that Reservists are an essential part of resilience as NATO nations respond to hybrid threats and cyber war.

Dr. Antonio Albanese, from Italy, and Dr. Vedran Obucina, from Croatia, focused on “Cyber Jihad,” which has its origin from al-Dawla al-Islamiya fi al-Iraq wa al-Sham

(Daesh), and the other name for the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS). After a general briefing on the different movements that compose Islam (Wahhabism, Shia, Sunni, etc.), the roots of some of the current conflicts in the Middle East were explored. They then concentrated on how Daesh displays manifestations of the Sunni caliphate, which utilizes several elements attributed to hybrid warfare. Implementing communication warfare and conventional acts of war are connected in a loop which feeds the “brothers in the West,” giving them hope, and ways to attack “infidels.”

A presentation by Rumanian Colonel Craisor-Constantin Ionita, and Albanian Colonel Suzana Jahollari, outlined their countries’ approaches towards hybrid threats, particularly cyber threats. .

Hybrid warfare has become one of the hottest topics on the NATO landscape. Dr. Guillaume Lasconjarias, from NATO’s Defence College in Rome, said that we have to understand what these threats are and how they work. We have to define a common policy and a means to properly address and respond to this challenge. He covered the nature of hybrid threats and highlighted how NATO has addressed this new threat.

Commander Dr. Lars Otte of Germany briefed on his country’s approach. He presented different categories of cybercrime spying and compared it to “Cyber-Jihad”. Dr. Otte is a Reserve officer within the new Directorate-General Cyber/Information Technology (IT) at his Federal Ministry of Defence. This new military service will be implemented next year,

Swiss Major (R) Phillipe Leo dealt with one distinct element of hybrid warfare – mobile forensics. He highlighted a unique case study on how the United States Central Intelligence Agency’s (CIA’s) operations in Lebanon were badly damaged in 2011 after Hezbollah identified and captured a number of U.S. spies by means of basic mobile forensics. The capacity of certain hostile organisations to monitor mobile communications (computer, cell phone, etc.), or abuse it for their own propaganda, requires trained and capable operators. Everyone listening to his of words will now view mobile phone usage in a different way.

Throughout the Seminar participation by attendees, each a citizen-soldier possessing expertise from their civilian occupation and their military Reserve background, which greatly enhanced each discussion of Hybrid Warfare scenarios. This valuable contribution demonstrated the value-added Reservists play as NATO seeks to develop solutions for strategic and tactical Hybrid Warfare operations.

Italian 1st Lieutenant Dr. Massimo Franchi provided an academic overview of hybrid threats indicating that the majority of international conflicts that have evolved from symmetric to asymmetric to hybrid ones. Moreover, researchers agree that the cyber is playing an increasingly important role in all hybrid conflicts.

Providing the attendees with real-world exposure to the Italian military, the 186th Paratrooper Regiment “Folgore” hosted the Seminar participants for a visit at their headquarters in Siena.

Major (R) Roosen drew a positive conclusion for the PfP & O seminar by stating that the thesis, “Reservists are an essential part in resilience to hybrid threats and cyber war,” was confirmed, and we have to use reservist’s expertise and build up a Cyber Reserve. Major (R) Roosen was pleased that former Partnership for Peace countries had attended and gave some insights into how they handle such threats. He then closed the seminar with “Special thanks to UNUCI and the Italian Reserve officers who have done excellent work in organizing and carrying out this seminar, especially the strong leadership of past CIOR President, Lieutenant Commander Giuseppe “Pino” Imbalzano. ”

Future PfP & O Committee Seminars will now pivot to focus on CIOR’s outreach objectives.

CIOR’s President Participates in Blue Beret Security Conference

CIOR’s President Participates in Blue Beret Security Conference

Brno, Czech Republic hosted the eighth International United Nations (UN) Missions Service Members meeting earlier this month. The conference was organized by a Czech Republic association Czechoslovak Legionnaire, a member of the Soldiers of Peace International Association/Association Internationale des Soldats de la Paix (AISP-SPIA), a World Blue Beret Association.

The meeting took place under the auspices of the Czech Republic Minister of Defense (MoD), Martin Stropnický, Governor of the Southern Moravian Region Michal Hašek, and Commander of the Defense University in Brno. Brigadier General Bohuslav Přikryl. The conference was attended by the President of AISP–SPIA (www.aisp.fr), Laurent Attar Bayour (FRA), along with many distinguished guests from the Ministry of Defense, and Parliament, of the Czech Republic.

For the first time, the President of the World Veterans Federation (WVF), Dan-Viggo Bergtun of Norway, attended. The WVF is an international non-profit, non-governmental organization (NGO), which is independent from governments, and is non-political and non-sectarian. It does not discriminate on the basis of racial, ethnic, religious, gender or national identities, nor does it allow its members to do so. It is a federation of 172 veteran organizations from 121 countries representing some 45 million veterans worldwide (http://www.wvf-fmac.org).

The WVF was established in Paris, France in 1950. The founding members were veteran’s organizations from 8 countries: Belgium; France; Italy; Luxembourg; Netherlands; Turkey; USA; and Yugoslavia. Its original name was “The International Federation of War Veterans Organization.” The WVF maintains its consultative status with the United Nations since 1951 and was conferred the title of “Peace Messenger” in 1987.

Among the distinguished guests were: CIOR’s President, Lieutenant Colonel Arnošt Líbezný: President SPIA Poland, and Vice-President AISP/SPIA C.E. Europe and Chairman of Zrzeszenie Weteranow Dzialan Poza Granicami Panstv, Colonel Jerzy Banach; and President SPIA Slovakia, Colonel Pavel Marko.

During the event, a working session was conducted between Lieutenant Colonel Libezny, and Dan-Viggo Bergtun. Both presidents discussed the possibilities of closer cooperation, as they both believe it will be mutually beneficial to each of their organizations, especially in light of the current security situation worldwide.

South Africa: A contributor to NATO’s Peace Keeping, and Maritime Interdiction (Anti-Piracy), Operations, welcomes the Interallied Confederation of Reserve Officers (CIOR)

South Africa: A contributor to NATO’s Peace Keeping, and Maritime Interdiction (Anti-Piracy), Operations, welcomes the Interallied Confederation of Reserve Officers (CIOR)

Interallied Confederation of Reserve Officers Secretary General (CIOR SG) 1st LT Jaroslav Hajecek Hosted by the Reserve Forces Council (RFC) of South African Armed Forces:

1st LT Hajecek was warmly welcomed by Major General Keith M. Mokoape (pictured below making presentation to CIOR’s SG), Brigadier General John Del Monte, and the RFC leadership committee, during his historic visit to the African continent.

In his address to the RFC leadership Jaroslav conveyed greetings from the CIOR President and thanked South Africa for their very active involvement in CIOR and the many contributions that South Africa makes to the CIOR community.

1st LT Havacek discussed further cooperation on education and professional development of Reservists in Africa, and within CIOR, and how to expand CIOR’s influence on the continent.

CIOR’s expertise on Reserve matters is viewed extremely positively in South Africa. The continued extensive participation of the South African Delegation in the Young Reserve Officer (YRO), and Military Competition (MILCOMP), programs has highlighted the value-added contribution this Delegation provides.

The CIOR SG then expressed the Presidency’s sincere appreciation for the warm welcome and hospitality of the South African Reserve Forces Council, and is looking forward to close cooperation in the future.

CIOR & CIOMR Presidencies Transition as Resilience Dominates Dialogue

CIOR & CIOMR Presidencies Transition as Resilience Dominates Dialogue

The 69th Summer Congress of the Interallied Confederation of Reserve Officers (CIOR), and the Interallied Confederation of Medical Reserve Officers (CIOMR), hosted this year by the Federacion de Organizaciones de Reservistas de Espana (FORE) in the beautiful capital city of Madrid. One of the main issues covered during the Summer Congress was “Resilience.” More than 300 Reserve officers, from throughout the NATO landscape, participated. They exchanged ideas on their international experiences and developed common strategies.

Reserve officers play a significant role in the implementation of NATO’s resilience concept. For that reason, the focus of the CIOR Symposium, taking place the first day of the congress, was “Building resilience at home and abroad.” Resilience lessons learned, and resilience programs of different countries, cities, and agencies, were presented. Due to recent terrorist attacks, the need for resilience has become essential. This presents NATO, and particularly the military, with new challenges requiring new concepts. The concept of resilience has gained special attention, as it enables society to keep public order, and individuals to properly respond to a terrorist attack. At a time when governments might not be able to deal with certain types of threats on their own, the need for employment of citizens is essential – and use of the citizen/soldier crucial.

CIOMR was a key player in this discussion as an individual’s resilience (mentally and physically) is vital to their ability to respond to crisis – especially a terrorist attack. In addition, there were numerous scientific presentations, throughout their week of sessions.

A Young Reserve Officers Workshop (YROW) was convened during the Congress. 60 young reserve officers from throughout the NATO landscape came together to prepare for possible assignment to international missions with NATO.
CIOR’s military competition (MILCOMP) was also conducted during the Congress. This pentathlon is considered one of the most difficult and multifaceted military competitions that exist. It is distinguished by the combination of physical and psychological strain. Reserve officers from all CIOR member and associate nations competed in the military sports disciplines of the obstacle course, pistol and rifle shooting, swimming, orienteering, and with a special Combat Casualty Care (CCC) element. This year, the German teams repeated as the top competitors.

During the Congress, the CIOR Council, Defense Attitudes and Security Issues Committee (DEFSEC), Language Academy (CLA), Legal Affairs Committee, Partnership for Peace and Outreach Committee (PfP & O), Public Affairs Committee (PAC), and Seminar Committee, also convened and conducted the affairs of the Confederation.

Then the CIOMR President MajGen Robert Kasulke, USA, passed the CIOMR flag to Col Kevin Davies, UK, who assumed the role of CIOMR President.

At the “Closing Ceremony” on Saturday evening, the Bulgarian CIOR President, LtCol Dimitar Popov, passed the CIOR flag to his Czech Republic colleague, LtCol Arnost Libezny, CIOR’s new President.

In the words of MajGen Evan “Curly” Hultman, USA, CIOR’s “President for Life”, attending his 38th Summer Congress, “This CIOR/CIOMR Congress was one of the most productive of recent years. The Spanish leadership, on such short notice, produced outstanding events for the diverse attendees from over 20 nations. We Reserve officers found the programming both very interesting and most challenging.

Author:
Florian Busch-Janser

Photos by:
Captain Henry E. Plimack
USCGR (Ret)

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